Prosthetic rehabilitation with dental implants

What is a dental implant?
An artificial tooth root made of titanium

A dental implant is usually a cylindrical screw made of titanium, which replaces the missing natural tooth root. Implants made of zirconium oxide are also used sometimes.
The implants come in different lengths and diameters so that they can react to the patient’s local circumstances such as the amount of available bone. The screw is implanted in the bone in a small painless surgical operation. When the most frequently employed method is used – submerged healing – it remains there under the mucous membrane for a healing period that lasts 3-4 months on average.

Why does an implant have to heal?
The physiological bone healing process

After insertion into the jaw bone, an implant usually has to heal without loading. The jaw bone is taken up by the implant surface directly, without any intervening connective tissue (osseointegration). Healing takes time until all the remodelling processes in the bone are complete. After that, the implant is able to accept permanently the functional load of a prosthetic restoration as a support and/or fixation element.

What happens after the healing period?
Exposure and prosthetic restoration

After osseointegration the threaded cap on the head of the implant is exposed and a gingiva former is inserted for a short time to give the gum a natural-looking shape. After about 10 days, the dentist takes an impression and the restoration is then fabricated in a dental laboratory.
When this is ready, the dentist screws the abutments into the implants and fits the prosthetic restoration.

Who needs a dental implant?
People with gaps between their teeth

Anyone can lose teeth, whether because of caries, periodontal disease, inflammation of the tooth roots or as a result of an accident.
In each case, tooth loss can lead to aesthetic and functional problems. The result is diminished quality of life. People with gaps in their teeth lose something of their positive and natural charisma. Gappy teeth are no longer socially acceptable today and people with a «natural smile» have been proven to have greater opportunities in all areas of life.

Patients with poorly fitting dentures

Partial and full dentures can suffer massive functional impairment due to progressive bone atrophy or overloading of «anchoring teeth».
The dentures fit poorly and do not stay in place so well. The results are problems when eating and difficulties in speaking clearly. The loss of communication leads to a loss of social contacts, which have a positive effect on all areas of life.

Contact Us

Praxis für Implantologie, Oralchirurgie und Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie
PD Dr. Dr. Ronald Bucher,
Lichtentaler Strasse 13
76530 Baden-Baden

phone: +49 (0)7221 – 97 66 9-09
fax: +49(0)7221 – 97 66 9-08